With Article 22 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Germany undertakes to provide children with a refugee background with special protective measures. In addition, refugee children should be able to exercise all other rights in the same way as all other children. It does not matter whether these children were forced to flee their home country with or without their parents.
Other articles are particularly closely linked to Article 22, for example, family reunification and protection against exploitation. The state must help the child become reunited with their parents if, for example, the family was separated whilst fleeing their home country.
Refugee children are also particularly at risk of exploitation, which is an issue specifically addressed by the first Additional Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.